Energy Policy

Energy Policy

Terry Campo brings 30 years of professional experience concentrated in the Energy & Environment sectors, beginning with the first “Superfund” Reauthorization legislation on Capitol Hill, and the management of the environmental problems arising from the Cold War-era nuclear weapons’ production facilities under environmental regulations. While at the Department of Energy, he worked closely with Congressmen shaping the legislation that allowed the deregulation of electricity markets. After leaving government, he represented private sector clients in the Clean Air Act’s legislative reauthorization that created emissions-trading credits. Then, he designed and implemented privatization of Socialist countries Power Grids in two former Soviet Republics.

Beginning in the late 1990s, Mr. Campo’s energy work extended into the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) Pipeline issues, and by the end of 1998 he was ‘on-the-ground’ in the former Soviet Republic of Georgia overseeing the privatization of the country’s electricity distribution system. It was this work in the former U.S.S.R. that led to the formation of Campo, S.A., an Energy + Economics consultancy that has worked in Eastern Europe, the Central Asian Republics of the former U.S.S.R. and in Latin America.

The Campo Group, Ltd. and Campo, S.A., an Energy + Economics Consultancy, primarily apply knowledge of government and politics to assist private-sector clients concentrated in the energy sector. Over 30 years, Terry Campo has designed, implemented and even operated major projects for electricity and water privatization in formerly-Socialist countries, as well as shaped public policy for oil and gas exploration, transportation, port facilities, and production in the U.S. and abroad. The Campo Group can identify and coordinate the local partners necessary to obtain exploration and development rights required in most countries.

Representative Work

  • Obtained participation of key partners for the Tender of an LNG Terminal and project assessment in the Republic of Ukraine.
  • Represented Australian LNG company in compliance with financial and lobbying disclosures for siting of terminal in California.
  • Obtained favorable consideration of Argentina-based firm seeking concessions for oil & gas exploration in the Republic of Moldova.
  • Represented Client with exclusive rights to oil, gas, and timber of Oblast of Sakhalin & the Kuril Islands.
  • Represented the Special Advisor to Saudi Ambassador for compliance with personal investments and associated charitable activities.
  • Represented company supplying fuel to the U.S. Department of Defense for operations in South Asia .
  • Obtained review by the Governor of Illinois of client proposal for the state’s Environmental Protection Agency to exercise jurisdiction over federal Superfund site.
  • Negotiated amendments to the Clean Air Act Reauthorization of 1990 on behalf of industrial petrochemical clients.
  • Drafted strategy document for major oil company proposal to purchase the Naval Petroleum Reserves.
  • Designed program to simultaneously reduce expenditures on energy subsidies while targeting poverty populations for ‘rollout’ of nationwide privatization of local electricity distribution companies in the former-Soviet Republic of Georgia.
  • Designed electricity privatization program for client proposal in the Republic of Moldova.
  • Designed electricity and water privatization program for client proposal for the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Oil & Gas Policy

  • Served as the sole legal counsel for the Secretary of Energy’s study on the long-term energy security of the United States, including its ENERGY SECURITY: REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. This Report subsequently became the National Energy Policy Plan (NEPP) establishing U.S. energy policies for the period that spanned the Iran-Iraq War re-flagging of Kuwaiti Oil Tankers through the Persian Gulf War.
  • Drafted memoranda and reorganization orders for Secretary of Energy’s plan to abolish the Economic Regulatory Administration, and to transfer its remaining price and allocation controls cases arising under the Emergency Petroleum Controls and Allocation Act (EPCAA).
  • Participated in developing plan to invalidate “Take or Pay” provisions of interstate natural gas transmission contracts by means of “Force Majeure,” in response to price-collapse of mid-1980s, then threatening financial viability of both the natural gas industry and southwestern states’ Savings & Loans.
  • Participated in various legal, budgetary, and policy issues concerning the ‘fill-rate’ for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPRO) and meeting the statutory requirement of a “90-Day Supply” of crude oil imports amidst growing dependency on imports changing the quantitative milestones, while simultaneously taking into account the impact that large quantities of purchases by the U.S. Government would have on world market prices.
  • Participated in the (OECD) International Applied Systems Test for implementing international oil-sharing program of G-7 nations to test implementation of emergency supply mechanisms in the event of a major supply interruption.
  • On behalf of DoE, assessed claims by operators of Great Plains Gasification facility that servicer of federal loan guarantee was improperly attributing capital costs to operating costs under Standstill Agreement between guarantor and debtor, thereby ‘triggering’ accelerated payments by debtor and making default of Synthetic Fuels coal-gasification project more likely.

Environmental Regulation

  • Represented the Department of Energy in White House Economic Policy Council briefing of the President on decision to implement National Electrical Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards.
  • Negotiated with the General Counsel of the U.S. EPA, Justice Department and President’s Office of Management & Budget, to establish U.S. Government policy on which party would assume “Operator Liability” under environmental laws, thereby subjecting U.S. government installations to environmental oversight by state agencies
  • Oversaw consultative efforts involving the National Laboratories and U.S. nuclear weapons production facilities in development of Departmental decision of who would assume “Operator Liability” under environmental laws.
  • Developed strategy to minimize liability of agency due to toxic materials used in wartime construction of headquarters, and to expedite the GSA’s relocation of the agency to new facilities.
  • Obtained Democratic Senators’ support to exercise jurisdiction of Judiciary Committee and its Subcommittee on Administrative Practice of bill for early reauthorization of CERCLA — a.k.a., “Superfund” — based upon changes in the rules for assessing liability for cleanup activities.

Nuclear Energy & Nuclear Waste

  • Participated in resolution of various issues concerning the siting criteria of the nuclear Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP).
  • Participated in Secretary of Energy’s decision to eliminate a second, “East-Coast Repository” of nuclear waste, otherwise required under Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1978.
  • Participated in resolution of various issues and provided policy advice concerning the Secretarial Decision to eliminate the planned Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) for nuclear waste at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
  • Participated in development of strategy for resolution of dispute between State of New York and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) over evacuation plans impeding the licensing of Long Island Lighting’s (LILCO) Shorham Nuclear Power Plant.
  • At the direction of the Secretary of Energy, provided de novo review to all Section 810 Applications seeking export of dual-use technologies capable of use in both civilian and military nuclear programs.
  • Participated in efforts to resolve dispute between the United States and Japan over production of highly-enriched Xenon 124 gas centrifuge technology for the production of Iodine 123, used as a tracer in brain imaging, but also capable of enriching plutonium to weapons-grade.
  • Participated in the development of plans for the Government Divestiture of the Advanced Laser Vapor Isotope Separation technology used in the DOE uranium enrichment enterprise, but capable of reducing nuclear fuel-cycle costs.
  • Participated in response to environmental problems posed by the continued operation of the N-Reactor at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation and efforts of various state and federal agencies to shut down facilities, juxtaposed against Nuclear Arms Control negotiations between President Reagan and General Secretary Gorbachev in advance of the Reykjavik Summit Conference.